Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

The Journal of Numerical Cognition (JNC) is a free online peer-reviewed journal publishing original studies, critical commentaries, theoretical position statements and book reviews relevant to numerical cognition. The journal emphasizes scholarship, but also seeks to provide a bridge between theory and practice in numerical cognition. It aims to have a worldwide audience.

JNC aims to facilitate communication not only amongst psychologists but also between psychologists and cognate disciplines. It also encourages dialogue between theory development and practice with respect to understanding numerical cognition. The objective of the journal is to provide readers with access to high-quality professional information, thus stimulating the scientific community in Europe, North America and worldwide. Indeed JNC welcomes contributions from researchers and practitioners irrespective of their geographical location.

The main objectives of the Journal of Numerical Cognition are to provide a scholarly forum for the focused discussion of research into numerical cognition and in so doing, increase the visibility of this topic domain in psychology and beyond.

As a result, the journal has been developed so to be accessible to both young researchers and established professionals without discipline boundaries. By being open access, it is also designed so that contributions are available not just to the academic community but to the larger audience of individuals who teach about number and work with numerical information. Its structure gives room to a broad and multidisciplinary range of psychology studies and research. The following types of article can be considered:

 

Section Policies

Empirical Research

The journal welcomes submissions based on empirical research that will be evaluated with respect to the contribution in terms of the significance of contribution, methodological rigour, and ability to communicate effectively. All empirical research is approproate so long as it demonstrably falls within the field of numerical cognition of the psychology of mathematics.

Replications and refinements are appropriate submission types, where they are identified as such, and serve a clearly defined purpose and respond to a need in the literature.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Registered Reports

A new type of empirical research article being offered by the journal in which editorial decisions are based in part on peer review that takes place before authors conduct research. The two central features of registered reports are that

(A) Peer review of the introduction, methods and analysis plan occurs prior to data collection, and (B) Manuscripts that are found acceptable through pre-study peer review receive an in-principle acceptance, which will not be revoked based on the outcomes of the research. The paper will be published provided that quality assurance measures have succeeded, the authors have adhered to the agreed-upon protocols, the clarity and style of reporting is appropriate, and the conclusions are supported by the data.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Commentaries

Brief discussions of other article types that provide stimulating and informative comments on contemporary work.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Theoretical Contributions

Articles relying on an original and creative synthesis of work, or analysis of the coherence of current perspectives. Theoretical contributions may attempt to propose new concepts, theories or models. Interdisciplinary works are very much encouraged.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Applied Perspectives

Articles that discuss the deployment on numerical cognition in, for example, education, employment, numerical understanding in the general public, etc. Applied perspectives can describe the current state of play, and draw attention to the gaps in research knowledge or foci.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Editorial

Members of the editorial team, as well as invited guests, present key theoretical position statements on numerical cognition. This might involve a review of the state of the field, an evaluation of key paradigms used to investigate certain phenomena and ideas, or the identification of emerging issues for research. Editorials may also comment on the relationship between, and impact of, the articles that appear in a journal issue.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Book Reviews

This section includes reviews of recent books on any relevant topic. Members outside of the editorial team are also invited to submit book reviews for publication.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed
 

Peer Review Process

JNC will carry out a rigorous and fair, double blind peer review system that is designed to evaluate the scientific quality of submissions or their applied impact, as appropriate. The assessment criteria focus on, for example, methodological soundness and the clarity of communication. The journal will normally recruit at least two independent reviewers to comment on the submission. The journal maintains a database of potential reviewers, and invites relevant experts who are knowledgeable in the relevant field. The journal aims to reach a decision between 6-8 weeks after submission, but seeks to keep authors informed about progression of the submission.

 

Publication Frequency

JNC is published 3 times per year. Articles can be submitted at any time.

 

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

JNC also charges no author fee for submission or publication of papers.

 

JNC encourages all authors to make the data underlying empirical work openly available. Authors can link to an external DOI as part of a standard Supplementary Materials section of each article.

If authors already have data archived within an open repository, or you have a repository of choice for the type of data, then they are welcome to link to those data in publishing their manuscript. 

Authors can also use the Journal's affiliated platform here:

https://www.psycharchives.org


 

 

Archiving

This journal ensures the long-term availability of its contents by partnering with CLOCKSS.

CLOCKSS system has permission to ingest, preserve, and serve this Archival Unit.

 

Publication Ethics

Responsibilities of JNC's editors, reviewers, and authors concerning publication ethics and publication malpractice are described in PsychOpen's Guidelines on Publication Ethics.

 

Preprint Policy

As part of JNC's submission process, authors are required to confirm that the submission has not been previously published, nor has been submitted (or will be submitted while under consideration at JNC).

However, prior to submitting their article and prior to acceptance and publication in JNC, authors may make their submissions available as preprints on personal or public websites. "A preprint is a draft of an academic article or other publication before it has been submitted for peer-review or other quality assurance procedure as part of the publication process. Preprints cover initial and successive drafts of articles, working papers or draft conference papers" (SHERPA. (n.d.). Glossary of open access abbreviations, acronyms and terms. Retrieved from http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/glossary.html).

Published conference presentations, posters etc. are considered preprints, provided they do not appear in a peer-reviewed, published conference proceeding.

After a manuscript has been published in JNC we suggest to link to the final article version, using the assigned article DOI in this way: https://doi.org/DOI, e.g.

https://doi.org/10.5964/jnc.v2i1.123

 

Plagiarism Screening

Crossref Similarity Check logo

JNC uses Similarity Check, a multi-publisher initiative to screen published and submitted content for originality. Similarity Check uses the iThenticate software, which checks submissions against millions of published research papers (the Similarity Check database), documents on the web, and other relevant sources. These submitted papers are not retained in the Similarity Check system after they have been checked.

Read more at Crossresf's Similarity Check & Reseachers page.

 

Corrections and Retractions

In accordance with generally accepted standards of scholarly publishing JNC does not alter articles after publication:

"Articles that have been published should remain extant, exact and unaltered to the maximum extent possible" (STM, 2006. Preservation of the objective record of science).

In cases of serious errors or (suspected) misconduct JNC publishes corrections and retractions (expressions of concern).

Corrections

In cases of serious errors that affect the article in a material way (but do not fully invalidate its results) or significantly impair the reader’s understanding or evaluation of the article JNC publishes a correction note that is linked to the published article. The published article will be left unchanged.

Retractions (Expressions of Concern)

In accordance with the "Retraction Guidelines" by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) JNC will retract a published article if

  • there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation),
  • the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication),
  • it constitutes plagiarism,
  • it reports unethical research.

An article is retracted by publishing a retraction notice that is linked to or replaces the retracted article. JNC will make any effort to clearly identify a retracted article as such.

If an investigation is underway that might result in the retraction of an article JNC may choose to alert readers by publishing an expression of concern.

 

Cookie Policy

A “cookie” is a string of information, often a unique identifier, that is stored on a visitor’s computer and can be used to keep track of a user while interacting with the website.

There are two types of cookie:

  • permanent cookies, which remain on a visitor’s computer for a certain, pre-determined duration (days, months, or even years)
  • session cookies, which are stored temporarily in the computer memory and disappear when the visitor closes the web browser.

On this website a session cookie is used to store a session ID on your computer. This ID is required to identify logged-in users and give them access to their user pages. No permanent cookies are used.

You can disable the use of cookies in the security settings of your web browser. If you have deactivated cookies you can still view the JNC website and read the articles. However, if you want to log in, e.g., to submit a manuscript, you have to enable session cookies to be saved on your computer during your visit of the website.

 

Open Science Practices

The Journal of Numerical Cognition (JNC) takes good, transparent, reproducible, and open science very seriously. This means that all published papers will have underwent screening regarding to what extent they have fulfilled Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines. The TOP Guidelines outline eight modular standards that can be implemented at three different levels (with Level I being the least, and Level III the most rigorous option):
Modular StandardImplementation in JNCLevel ILevel IILevel III
1. Citation Standards
→  How to implement
Journal describes citation of data in guidelines to authors with clear rules and examples.  
2. Data Transparency
→  How to implement
Article states whether data are available, and, if so, where to access them.  
3. Code (Analytical Methods) Transparency
→  How to implement
Article states whether code is available, and, if so, where to access it.  
4. Research Materials Transparency
→  How to implement
Article states whether materials are available, and, if so, where to access them.  
5. Design and Analysis Transparency
→  How to implement
Journal articulates design transparency standards.  
6. Preregistration of Studies
→  How to implement
Article states whether preregistration of study exists, and, if so, where to access it.  
7. Preregistration of Analysis Plans
→  How to implement
Article states whether preregistration of study exists, and, if so, where to access it.gistration with analysis plan exists, and, if so, allows journal access during peer review for verification.  
8. Replication
→  How to implement
Journal encourages submission of replication studies.  

The guidelines summarized above concern any paper published in JNC that presents empirical data (whether quantitive or qualitative). Data, code, materials, and other documents should be safely and openly stored at the PsychArchives repository. Upon submission of a paper, authors will have to confirm that they have included appropriate statements (e.g., about the availability of data, code, materials, other documents, preregistrations) within their papers, and all papers will be checked regarding their adherence to the journal's adopted TOP standards outlined above. Authors should thus take great care to ensure that their papers meet those standards. Papers that do not meet the standards cannot be published in JNC.

Implementation Guidelines for Authors

1. Citation Standards

All data, program code and other methods should be appropriately cited. Such materials should be recognized as original intellectual contributions and afforded recognition through citation. Articles will not be published until the citations conform to these standards.

  1. All data sets and program code used in a publication should be cited in the text. References for data sets and program code should be listed in a Supplementary Materials section of the publication and should include a persistent identifier, such as a Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
  2. Data set citation example: Canova, L., Manganelli, A. M. (2020). Supplementary materials [research data] to: Energy-saving behaviours in workplaces: Application of an extended model of the Theory of Planned Behaviour. PsychOpen. https://doi.org/10.23668/psycharchives.2798

2. Data Transparency

The policy of JNC is to publish papers where authors indicate whether the data used to conduct the research will be made available to any researcher for purposes of reproducing the results or replicating the procedure.

  1. Authors must, in a Data Availability Statement (DAS), indicate if they will or will not make their data available to other researchers.
  2. If an author agrees to make data available, the author must specify where that material will be available.

3. Code Transparency

The policy of JNC is to publish papers where authors indicate whether the methods used in the analysis will be made available to any researcher for purposes of reproducing the results or replicating the procedure.

  1. Authors must, in a Supplementary Materials section, indicate if they will or will not make their analytic methods (code) available to other researchers.
  2. If an author agrees to make materials available, the author must specify where that material will be available.

4. Materials Transparency

The policy of JNC is to publish papers where authors indicate whether the materials used to conduct the research will be made available to any researcher for purposes of reproducing the results or replicating the procedure.

  1. Authors must, in a Supplementary Materials section, indicate if they will or will not make their study materials available to other researchers.
  2. If an author agrees to make materials available, the author must specify where that material will be available.

5. Design Transparency

The policy of the JNC is to publish papers where authors follow standards for disclosing key aspects of the research design and data analysis. Authors are encouraged to review the standards available for many research applications from  http://www.equator-network.org/ and use those that are relevant for the reported research applications.

6./7. Study and Analysis Preregistration

The policy of JNC is to publish papers where authors indicate whether or not the conducted research was preregistered with an analysis plan in an independent, institutional registry (e.g., https://www.psycharchives.org/). Preregistration of studies involves registering the study design, variables, and treatment conditions. Including an analysis plan involves specification of sequence of analyses or the statistical model that will be reported. 

  1. Authors must, in a Supplementary Materials section, indicate if they did or did not preregister the research with or without an analysis plan in an independent, institutional registry.
  2. If an author did preregister the research with an analysis plan, the author must: 
    1. confirm in the text that the study was registered prior to conducting the research with links to the timestamped preregistrations at the institutional registry, and that the preregistration adheres to the disclosure requirements of the institutional registry or those required for the preregistered badge with analysis plans maintained by the Center for Open Science.
    2. Report all preregistered analyses in the text, or, if there were changes in the analysis plan following preregistration, those changes must be disclosed with explanation for the changes.
    3. Clearly distinguish in text analyses that were preregistered from those that were not, such as having separate sections in the results for confirmatory and exploratory analyses.

8. Replication

The policy of JNC is to encourage submission of replication studies, particularly of research published in this journal.